Global Warming..What is the Government Doing???

The Kyoto Protocol was the start to government officials getting involved with Global Warming. The protocol was a agreement linked to the United Nations framework on climate change.  37 industries was targeted for their reduction in Green house gases. The protocol created from the meeting encouraged these industries to reduce emissions of green house gases, which are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, HFCs, and PFCs.

The Kyoto Protocol was one way people in government positions try to reduce the emissions of Greenhouse gases but another was the a law called the Clean Air Act. The clean air act asked for less pollution from companiesby making them change their products to decrease from getting ill with the pollution they emit. The law says companies cannot put certain amounts of pollutants in the air like products like hairspray which lets out to much volatile organic compounds that the destroy the o-zone layer. These product and many more products like this contains labels stating what the product does to the environment, and in 2015 all products listed on the clean air act will obtain this same label.

                        By: Imani Bonnick

Putting A Hold On Global Warming Locally!!!

To lessen the effects of global warming as a community we can take multiple different precautions such as:


  • carpooling
  • bus (public transportation)
  • walking

All of these various types of transportation create less carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which is a start to limiting Global Warming. Another way to put a hold on Global Warming would be:

  • stop burning fossil fuels (oil, gas and natural gases)
  • start using renewable energy sources (wind and water power)

To inform the people in your community and get them involved as much as people can and have started having community meetings. At theses community meetings the topic of discussion would be what the community as a whole can do to prevent and/or lessen Global Warming, come up with different ideas to stop global warming and then talk about the pros and cons of these ideas.


By: Janique, Arien and Afiya

Reduce Greenhouse Gases in Your Community

If we change our transportation choices we can decrease the Greenhouse Emissions, it has been stated that our cars are the second biggest reasons why GHG emissions are rising so quickly.

Actions cna be taken to expand differnt forms of transportation to reduce GHG –

 * creating incentives that increase public transit use; * promoting bicycle- and pedestrian-friendly transportation options; and

 * linking transportation funding to effective growth management strategies

More ideas that were presented that some believe would benefit communities

  • promote transit-oriented developments;
  • encourage infill and mixed-use development; and
  • develop policies that reduce energy use in commercial and residential buildings.

Some easy ways to reduce Greenhouse gases that are simple to remember is…

  • reduce, reuse recycle
  • use less heat and less air conditioning
  • replace light bulbs with compact florescent light bulbs
  • use less hot water
  • plant a tree
  • encourage others to conserve

City of Rochester’s Green Initiative

The City of Rochester has set up a system in which every citizen resident recieves a free recycle bin whi is to be put out like a garbage can once a week, and a recycling truck will collect the contents. If you are a city resident and don’t have a recycle bin, you can request one at
Households are required to recycle:
newspapers, magazines, glass and metal containers;
plastic containers with the plastic container code 1 or 2 stamped on the bottom, corrugated cardboard; “gable-top” cartons and drink boxes; empty aerosol cans;
telephone books; and clean paper such as junk mail, cereal/shoe boxes, gift boxes, and books.

The city has also set up a program for people to recycle their Christmas trees. Once a family drops them off at designated locations, the trees are chipped into mulch which residents can use for their gardens, free of charge. For more information about Christmas trees visit:

Through the Materials Give Back Program, leaves and trees are grinded up into woodchips which are available as compost to the public (this is where the Christmas trees go). For more information about this program visit:

Rochester’s Public Market helps for Rochestarians to get healthy, fresh and locally grown fruits and vegetables. This will reduce our carbon footprints because our meal will not have to travel hundreds and thousands miles on planes, trains and buses just to get to our table.

The Highland Park-Canalway Trail Project, is trying to connect the Highland Park with the Erie Canalway Trail and the Genesee Riverway Trail. This trail will connect more of Rochester in a way in which pedestrians can travel safely without worrying about the traffic of the streets. This will also provide a path that people can feel safe enough to ride their bike to work instead of drive which is better for the enviornment.

Through the Bicycle Master Plan Project (, Rochester is becoming a great place to bicycle at. This is creating safe trails and teaching people good practice in bicycling. This will help to create a healthier enviornment and healthier citizens.

-Ellen S

Kyoto and Laws

    Global Warming is one of todays most controversial issues. Some scientist have been studying the earth as well as its temperature changes for years and have proven that global warming is occuring while others are slow to believe this. However through the use of the precautionary principle guidelines are being set in place to stop the affects of global warming. One of these steps toward stopping the affects of global warming is the Kyoto protocol, which is the result of a conference of parties held in kyoto japan which promotes things such as renewable forms of energy as well as sustainable forest management practices and the enhancement of sinks and reservoirs of green house gases that are not controlled. A big part of the protocol is also focused on measuring and limiting the emission of greenhouse gases. The Kyoto protocol is just one step of many toward healthier practices worlwide, if there is a chance that we are harming the earth we must take action before its truly too late.

                  -Josh H. and Labria B.


Mushroom insulation
Here is some additional information to anyone who is still curious about the mushroom Styrofoam TED talk we watched. Their website says that their prices are very close to that of Styrofoam. Since it’s at a reasonable price AND it’s eco-friendly, I feel that more and more companies should be making the change! Also, styrofoam is very flamable since it is made of oil, but this product does not burn at all (you can watch them burn it at the end of this video!).

Energy & Food & Chains & Webs!


Today in class we discussed the homework which questioned energy, food chains/webs, trophic levels, etc. The highest and smallest trophic level is composed of autotrophs aka producers. The different kinds of producers are detritivores and saprotrophs. Detritivores (scavengers), consume non-living inorganic matter. Saprotrophs also consume inorganic matter but they live in and/or on them. The remaining levels are composed of heterotrophs which include primary, secondary and tertiary consumers which are all dependent on organic matter for energy. Energy is first consumed by producers from light energy in which they use to create glucose. The glucose is then transferred to primary consumers when they eat the producers. Secondary consumers feed on primary consumers and tertiary consumers feed on secondary consumers. Energy cannot be completely diminshed nor recycled and is instead constantly supplied when transferring between trophic levels. During these transfers, energy is lost [but not destroyed] through cellular respiration in the form of heat and through waste. This lost enegry is then recycled by producers who absorb the heat enegy and consume the waste which is then again transferred through trophic levels.

Food Chains: show the direction of energy flow between species

Food Webs: a diagram that shows feeding relationships within a community


IB Class Lesson Ecological Principals!!!

IB requires us to know certain things in Biology that will be on our test. Such as calculating the simpson Diversity index and being able to draw a kidney’s nephron. Some one in class asked a question about the biomass and energy pyramid. For both pryamids the energy always increase going up the pyramid it starts with decomposers, producers, primary consumers, scondary consumers, and tertiary consumers. With biomagnification it is bad to be at the top of the pyramid especially if bacteria is being transferred along. During class we learned about the Simpson Index, which is he value of index between two different areas.

Two Days Gone

So as by now everyone would be out of class for two days. In those two days we are not allowed to do “other work”, but we all know that this biology lab is a grade that we have to do (like all other bio work). So how are we to this? would any lab groups meet after school? Or in Lunch? Or better yet we should just pick a day for a study group. The plan is for everyone not to fall behind in ANY subject including Biology. My mom said we can have a study group at my house if anyone is interested :)





Hey everyone! I found a nice site to further our knowlegde in Wolbachia :D I know we have like a zillion blogs on Wolbachia but maybe this would help out, it has an overview on Wolbachia, drop down boxes on strains of host, researchers that study it and all that good stuff! I believe that you have to register for more information which i also belive is free! And also the picture’s site that is included at the end has questions so you can test your self on the wolbchia information that you already know! :D